The statistics of the enrichment of the trace elements (TE) composition of oil in relation to the neighboring georesevoirs is considered. It is shown that the greatest enrichment falls on the elements most mobile in the conditions of the Earth’s crust. The second group of enriched elements is formed by the so-called biogenic elements, which indicates the close connection of oils with organic matter. The statistics of TE composition and reserves of hydrocarbon depositsis compared with statistical patterns for ore deposits, based on more available statistical data. A significant commonality of statistical patterns of characteristics of hydrocarbons and ore deposits is demonstrated.