Features of calculation and selection of the equipment for a stage of cleaning for production of non-carcinogenic oils of plasticizers for tires, rubbers and plastics are stated. As a result of the study of the purification technique, it was found that it is inefficient to regenerate the oil according to traditional schemes in the presence of a solid phase dispersed into a liquid. In this regard, a rotary-disk type device was added to the cleaning scheme. It is shown that the process limits the kinetic region, so the delay time of particles in the sections of the apparatus will be the decisive factor. The dependences and methods for theoretical and experimental analysis of the performance of the device are proposed. As a result of the research, recommendations were also obtained that can be applied in the operation and development of technological adsorption equipment.
This article discusses the development of methods for selecting the method of utilization of associated petroleum gas (APG). This method will allowa comprehensive and objective comparison of various technologies for utilization of associated petroleum gas to make profitable and efficient, economic, managerial and environmental decisions.
Abstract In this paper, we propose one of the ways to increase the octane number of gasolines using organically modified catalysts as contacts of the upgrading process. Materials and methods The sample FeÖÂÊ (silicate module 35, Fe3+ 0.2%; sample FeMnÖÂÊ (silicate module 35, 0.2% Fe3+ and Mn2+) Results In the course of the research it was found that additional modification of the initial samples of organically modified zeolite- containing catalysts with iron and manganese reduces the rate of coke formation during the refinement of straight-run gasoline fractions. Conclusions The rate of coke formation increases with the increase in the silicate module of the zeolite. Iron applied to the catalyst in a small amount helps suppress the compaction and coking reactions, prolonging the eff e life of the organically modifi zeolite catalyst.
New upgrading oil, water and gas separation technology and equipment are proposed. The novelty of the technology is in partial degassing of the NGL in the heater-treater and returning of its liquid part to the highly stabilized commercial oil pipeline to restore its petrol potential and maintain the oil-gas condensate mixture SVP at the standard level. The separator is integrated into the operating gas processing plant layout.
The presented study is focused on the use of oxazolone salts as organic modifiersfor zeolite catalysts recycling of oil and petroleum products. In the paper described in details the method of preparation of organic salts, ways of application the modifying agent on the surface of the catalyst, also were selected the optimum parameters of the catalytic process and was presented detailed analysis of the composition catalyzate.
The current state of additives to fuels and lubricant oils in Russia and possibility of providing producers of fuels and oils with domestic products is considered. The country completely provides itself with antioxidants and ignition improver for diesel fuels, with success carries out import substitution in the field of antiwear additives. A problem there is a development and the organization of production of the depressor dispersing additives and additives for production of fuels for jet engines. As for lubricant oils, manufacturers are capable to offer rather big range of additives. But the main objective consists not simply in replacement of an import product own, and in providing the producerof oils with perspective additives with the characteristics corresponding to international standard.
The main parameter of the quality of the injected reservoir water, which has an impact on reducing injectivity of injection wells, is the concentration (content) of oil and solidparticles (SP). In conditions of high load of well production preparation objects is not always possible to achieve these requirements. On Majachnye field of workshop oil and gas ¹5 there are certain problems. In addition, in the field there are well clusters, producing high water cut products. It increases the economic costs of transportation and preparation ofoil emulsion. In this regard, the issues of improvement of produced water quality for injection, the reducing the load of in-field training facilities and the reduction of transportation costs and the destruction of oilemulsion becomes more urgent. This paper presents a solution - Cluster technology of preparation and injection of produced water from wells into the reservoir using a pipe phase divider.
Depending on content of asphalten compounds in the crude oil the color of the latter changes beginning from the black as far as light yellow. For example, the Baku crude oil is featured by blue illumination and Grozny one by green light. The more content of asphalten in the crude oil the darker is latter. According tothe experimental researches the level of aggregation effects on spectral characteristics of crude oil. It is suggested that the variation of concentration of asphalten leads to changingof its agrigation condition which inevitably changes the spectral characteristics of crude oil. It is shown that the existed methodics for assessment of aggregation condition of crude oil doesn’t contain the quantitative parameters for determination of accuracy of assessment depending of selected wave length of measurements. The new methodicsfor optimum assessment of accuracy of determination of aggregation condition of asphalten is suggested.
It is well-known that the fractional components of crude oil can be computed as function of such specific parameters as specific gravity and average boiling temperature. Also between such parameters as special weight and the average boiling temperature does exist determined relation. The possibility for forming of universal grapho-analytical method for calculation of such functional components as as paraffin, naphyen, aromatic compaunds upon presence of some specific characteristics of interrelations of oil parameters is considered.
This work is devoted to the analysis of catalyzer-reforming process forlow-octane hydrocarbon fractions on organically modified zeolite contactsand to the assessment of the qualitative composition of the reformed target product. This investigation directly continues previous works of the authors devoted to reforming of low-octane hydrocarbon fractions on organically modified zeolite contacts of various grades [1-7].
Presented the results of analysis of various means of oil treating for hydrogen sulfide and mercaptans (DMC type processes, chemical scavengers, treated gas stripping). Revealed are drawbacks of scavengers based on formaldehyde (toxicity, high corrosivity) at processing oil and associated petroleum gas.
Article has information about technical aspects of small-tonnage oil refinery and oil slime recycling.
The paper presents the experimental study of mass transfer columns used in petroleum refining with special emphasis on the liquid carryover process in angle nozzles with demister pads.
The article analyzes the causes of the inability of associated gas processing, refining processes are described,used in the oil industry. The article also describes promising methods of implementation and use of associated gas directly in the fields.
Visbreaking unit with capacity of 2,4 million tons of feed a year was designed, constructed and utilized to process high-viscosity tars producedat JSC TANEKO Oil Refinery from Devonian and carboxylic oils of Tatarstan Republic. Technical solutions providing more than 20 times feed viscosity decrease are used at the unit. Products of the unit are fuel gas, hydrogen sulfide, naphtha and cracking residue meeting themain requirements of fuel oil. Realization of this technology allowed reaching oil refining efficiency at the refinery equal 72%.
At present the development and improvement of processes deep oil refining requires a new approach to solving the current economicand environmental problems associated with large energy costs and environmental pollution. And recent advances in the chemistry of salt melts, usually formed by organic cations, which are known as ionic liquids can partially solve the problems indicated. The basis of this work inspired the creation of new catalysts for refining toproduce high-octane hydrocarbon fractions. The proposed method allows to achieve a significant increase in the octane number ofengine fuels and, consequently, improving its performance, at low energy cost.
The paper gives the executive summary of vertical flare units designed and fabricated by research/design/production integrated company LLC TyumenNIIgiprogas. The study reviews product origin, main types, and design features. The paper is disclosing solid competitive advantages of vertical flare units by LLC TyumenNIIgiprogas.
The article analyzes possibility to improve quality of target product of catalyst sweetening of low octane HC fractures of various boiling temperature, establishes association between feedstock composition and catalyst physical/chemical characteristics. Resultant product composition is investigated
Deposits of high-viscosity oils and natural bitumens are regarded as future sources of hydrocarbons. Bear in mind that oil is not just the energy feedstock. This is, above all, a raw material for a number of valuable chemicals of various purposes. Selection of respective refining process of highly viscous oils is an urgent task that requires complete information about their physico-chemical properties, composition and quality of petrochemicals produced from them. Therefore, a comprehensive study of the properties and component, hydrocarbon and fractional composition of oil is a major priority