Articles

Electrical engineering

Naval nuclear power as the basis for constructing autonomous energy systems with the development of the Arctic territories

Shulga Robert N., Petrov Aleksandr Yu., Zavidej Viktor I.

10.24411/2076-6785-2019-10020

An analysis of modern methods and tools for monitoring and diagnosis of technical condition of asynchronous and synchronous motors and advice on choosing the best monitoring systems for use on existing and disabled equipment. It is shown that, based on measurements of basic parameters of complex by a single system of control, maintenance and repair of electrical machines, produced on their technical condition with no planned outages, and intrusion prevention tests. 

Status and prospects of implementing monitoring systems and technical diagnostics of electrical machines and devices

Viktor I. Zavidey, M.A. Sviridov, V.N. Rushchinskiy

An analysis of modern methods and tools for monitoring and diagnosis of technical condition of asynchronous and synchronous motors and advice on choosing the best monitoring systems for use on existing and disabled equipment. It is shown that, based on measurements of basic parameters of complex by a single system of control, maintenance and repair of electrical machines, produced on their technical condition with no planned outages, and intrusion prevention tests.

electric motors control systems monitoring diagnostics

Technical condition assessment of power transformer windings after impact of short-circuit current

Viktor I. Zavidey, Vasiliy S. Larin, Aleksey Yu. Volkov, Sergey A. Drobyshevskiy

Abstract In the article the issues of technical diagnostics of power transformers windings are considered. Results of windings condition assessment using impedance measurements, frequency-response analysis and fi ed-frequency phase parameters measurement are presented. It is noted that the method for winding condition assessment based on phase-parameters measurement has potential for application on-site due to the rapidity of analysis, simplicity and availability of numeric criterion. Materials and methods Power transformers and methods for its condition assessment. Results Assessment of transformer winding fault was conducted using frequency and phase analysis. Conclusions To evaluate mechanical and electrical condition of the transformer windings, it is advisable to use frequency response analysis (FRA) along with traditional measurement of short-circuit impedance. The possibility of quick condition assessment of the windings using the method based on comparison of currents ratio at selected frequencies is shown. Also it is shown that phase method based on comparison of phase angle between winding current and voltage at the fi ed frequencies has suffi iently high sensitivity to winding deformation and faults.

Transformers diagnosis of defects winding frequency responses frequency-response analysis phase parameters

Electric sources of light and lamps. Experience of critical analysis

Vladimir M. Osipov

Comparison of parameters of electric light sources was conducted on the basis of reference data taking into account influencing factors, typical for the Russian conditions. Also was shown the effect of LED on the developmentof lighting technology. The article contains the results of research on improving measurement of parameters of light sources and luminaires.

the light source energy efficiency lamp influencing factors

Modernization of power system protection at Tatneft JSC oil and gas production units

Sergey A. Gondurov, Alexandr N. Evseyev, Valeriy S. Genin, Vitaliy N. Markov, Aleksandr P. Nesterov, Vyacheslav V. Koznov

The experience presented in this article has been accumulated by Tatneft during the recent years while modernizing relay protection and automatic equipment of 110/35/6 (10) kV networks. The observability and controllability of the power supply system have increased due to the integration of relay protection terminals intothe DISC-110 system operated at Tatneft. Possibilities to the implementation of centralized selective protection from line-to-ground short-circuit and to organization of diagnostic monitoring of the electric equipment of 110/35/6 (10) kV substation opened up after the integration of relay protection terminals and the Zashita-3 hardware-software complex.

power supply power equipment substation oil and gas extraction enterprise relay protection microprocessor terminal

The use of real-time simulators in oil and gas companies

Dmitriy O. Mochalov, Janez V. Zakonjsek, Mikhail A. Shamis

Oil and gas companies consist of electric power-generating facilities, distribution networks and consumption facilities. In the conditions of stable development of power systems of oil and gas companies and their complication, behavior of power systems must be studied both in normal and abnormal modes. Real time digital simulators (RTDS) help to solve these problems fast and qualitatively. Thearticle is about using RTDS for research processes in power systems of oil and gas companies.

real-time simulator power network oil and gas companies secondary equipment

Competent approach to the organization of maintenance. Comparison of maintenance on demand routine maintenance of electrical systems

Ivan E. Buyanov

The article overviews different approaches to production facility maintenance, analyzing which of them can provide most fail safetyto critical production processes. Special attention is given to industries that are most vulnerable to damage due to the downtime of the equipment: banking, oil and gas, pharmaceuticals and data centers. Also,the aspects that influence productivity and durability of electrical equipment are taken into account - such as environmentalconditions, overloading and excessive number of operating cycles.The author discerns two types of maintenance programs: scheduled and on-demand. Through the comparison of two kindsof maintenance, it was determined that scheduled maintenance more effective in comparison with maintenance on demand. The article describes the technique of maintenance and requirements for the staff who inspects the equipment. It was concluded in the article, thatscheduled maintenance is more effective than maintenance on demand. Among the other benefits of scheduled maintenance is the opportunity to carry out scheduled maintenance without interrupting any processes. In addition, conduction of a scheduled maintenance leads to reduceof costs, increase of reliability and prolongation of life of electrical equipment, as long as increase of personnel safety. Itis estimated that investments in scheduled maintenance can help avoid the occurrence of up to 67% of the possible failuresof electrical equipment and, therefore, avoid the financial losses associated with downtime.

maintenance the maintenance of electrical equipment scheduled maintenance preventive maintenance

Honeywell, high-tech initiatives in energy efficiency and the problem of training qualified personnel

Leonid R. Sorkin

The problem of energy one of the most pressing problems for the Russian economy and a continuing focus of attention of both the Government and the business community. The fact that the industry is still Russia significantly more energy-intensive than the industry not only developedbut also developing countries such as BRIC partners in China and Brazil, have a negative impacton the competitiveness of the domestic industry. The solutions will be discussed in the article.

energy efficiency energy-saving technology

Energy-efficient drive systems are designed and manufactured by EKRA Ltd.

Marks I. Altshuller, Sergey A. Lazarev

Considered converter equipment produced by EKRA Ltd. is used in high-voltage electric drive voltage of 6 kV and 10 kV, with a capacity of 12.5 MVA and aspects of its application to solving energy, resources drive, as well as process automation.

transportation of oil electric drive frequency inverter soft starter automation of the process

Cable testing by detecting partial discharges

Almaz I. Valeev, Roman V. Dudenkov

Uninterrupted operation of power supply systems of industrial enterprises, transport, agriculture, utilities and other sectors of the economy is impossible without high-reliability powercable lines (CL). This article describes the test cables by detecting partial discharges.

power cable cable DC voltage TC testing breaking isolation CR partial discharges Tatneft-Energoservi

Choose led lamp? It's easy

Vladimir M. Osipov

The article provides the basic technical characteristics of led lamps, affecting their performance and recommendations to users. Article is written based on their own experience of the author on the development of lamps and analysis of structures and information materials manufacturers on Russian and international exhibitions.

lamp led light source energy efficiency

Modern solution of power supply reliability increase of responsible consumers in medium-voltage networks

Igor I. Ushakov

The article provides brief information about new fast-operating automatic standby activation device is located in indoor switchgear with two and more bus bars. Fast-operating automatic standby activation device allows connecting between reserve switching supply and alarm bus bar with minimum difference between voltage vectors. It also reduces current blow in a grid and dynamic influence in pumps and pipelines.

Thyristors Thyristor's device fast-operating high-performance automaticst

The use of current inverters in the high voltage electric drive

Sergey A. Lazarev

Different factors of the use of a variable frequency drive aimed at resolving energy conservation issues and increasing drive resources are reviewed. Comparative analysis of the frequency converters with the current inverter and drives based on them has been conducted.

electric drive frequency converter current inverter electromagnetic compatibility

The LED advantage:How this technology offers improved safety, superior illumination and major bottomline savings for petrochemical facilities

Igor Antin

In heavy industrial, harsh and volatile environments like petrochemical, oil and gas facilities, LEDs provide a more reliable and safer lighting solution than traditional high intensity discharge lighting that often fails in mere months due to excessive vibration and extreme operating conditions. When calculating return on investment, its important to consider not only the cost of energy, maintenance equipment and personnel costs, but also fitting storage and disposal. Additionally there are many situations where a reduced number of LED fittings can do a more effective job than the original number of conventional fittings, further reducing the installation and operational costs. The lower profile LED fittings are lighter weight too (Fig.4), which means that they can be installed by one person, unlike the heavier weight conventional lights that often need two people per installation as well as requiring greater distribution and switching gear. With numerous products now commercially available from a number of reputable manufacturers, many petrochemical companies worldwide have already realized the benefits of LED technology. Future improvements in the technology and the integration of advanced dimming, remote monitoring and intelligent lighting solutions will enable facility managers to have even greater control and predictability in lighting efficiency and improved safety, while generating substantial savings in energy and maintenance costs.

Choose led lamp? It's easy

Vladimir M. Osipov

The article provides the basic technical characteristics of led lamps, affecting their performance and recommendations to users. Article is written based on their own experience of the author on the development of lamps and analysis of structures and information materials manufacturers on Russian and international exhibitions. Analysis and comparison of regulatory documents and information materials enterprises and trading firms. Already today, the market has led illuminating equipment by its characteristics meet all modern requirements for reliable and high-performance equipment. Simultaneously there is a large quantity of counterfeit products and firms ephemeral. For right choice of equipment should be studied as documents accompanying the lights, as well as certificates of obligatory and voluntary certification with the assistance of specialist lighting technologists.

lamp led light source energy efficiency