Articles

Geology

Stochastic inversion for including seismic data in 3D modeling

Gaifulina E.F., Reshetnikov A.A., Shvydkoy V.S., Dorokhov A.R.

DOI: 10.24412/2076-6785-2022-8-16-21

Abstract
Presented in the article results show how to effectively integrate seismic data into 3D modeling using stochastic inversion, thereby increasing the reliability of the obtained geological models. For the deposits of PK1920 formations, on the basis of stochastic inversion, an areal forecast of sedimentation environments (facies) identified from well data was made. The resulting three-dimensional geological model more accurately emphasizes the heterogeneity of the distribution of properties in the geological environment, which is especially important when planning production drilling.

Materials and methods
The paper implements the technique of stochastic seismic inversion and analysis of the obtained results for inclusion in a three-dimensional geological model. Angle stacks, well curves of elastic properties and facies, a stratigraphic framework of a three-dimensional geological model were used as input data.

Keywords
stochastic (geostatistical) inversion, facies

Analysis of the field of seismic classes in the modeling of paleo cuts of the vikulov deposits on the example of the sector model of the Krasnoleninsky arch of Western Siberia

Bembel M.R.

DOI: 10.24412/2076-6785-2022-8-10-14

Abstract
In the process of creating geological and hydrodynamic models and designing the development of objects associated with the vikulov formation, the most difficult task is mapping and further spatial modeling of the so-called paleo cuts. The process of constructing a conceptual geological model of the object VK (vikulov formation) includes the identification of embedded river valleys in the deposits of the vikulov formation according to a set of criteria established according to seismic data, geophysical studies of wells and core. Sandstones of the embedded valley complex filling are characterized by a coarser-grained structure and better filtration and capacitance properties. The oil-water contact in these deposits is lower than in the host rocks, and the flow rates are higher. The geometry of prospective deposits within paleorusels is controlled by the distribution of reservoir sandstones within the valley fill.

Materials and methods
A statistical analysis of borehole data was performed, the trend fields of the sandiness coefficient and the positions of the oil-water contact were calculated.

Keywords
inflow control, inflow control devices, carbonate reservoir, oil and gas field

Development of the northern (including the Kara sea) and northeastern territories of Western Siberia (Yamal peninsula)

Yurova M.P.

DOI: 10.24412/2076-6785-2023-5-20-22

Abstract
The northern (including the Kara Sea) and northeastern territories of Western Siberia (the Yamal Peninsula) are being considered, which in the near future may become a priority territory in which gas deposits will be discovered on deep horizons (Permo-Triassic). This is confirmed by the interpretation of seismic profiles in the north-west of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District (Paleozoic with a capacity of 1 500 m). Paleozoic terrigenous deposits are common within the South Kara syneclise.

Systematization of mega-reservoir accumulations of oil and gas in the sedimentary deposits

Punanova S.A., Samoilova A.V.

DOI: 10.24412/2076-6785-2023-5-16-19

Abstract
Based on the analysis and generalization of factual material, the article systematizes ideas about the formation of oil and gas mega-reservoirs in the sedimentary cover of oil and gas basins in Russia and the world. These are accumulations of hydrocarbons that accumulate large reserves both in traditional reservoirs and in reservoirs of unconventional low-porous shale formations, in reservoirs with hard-to-recover reserves of extraviscous
oils and natural bitumen deposits, as well as in reservoirs of decompacted ledges of the crystalline basement.

Calculation of the stress state at the Severo-Komsomolskoye field using the new corporate 3D simulator RN-SIGMA

Ardislamova D.R., Davletova A.R., Zakirzyanov Sh.I., Pestrikov A.V., Sudeev I.V., Fedorov A.I., Shamsutdinova E.R., Khakimov A.A., Abushaev R.N.

DOI: 10.24412/2076-6785-2023-3-38-43

Abstract
The article describes the development of a new tool for calculating the stress-strain state of fields with a complex geological structure in the software package RN-SIGMA. The computational core allows to make calculations within the framework of elastic models on standard grids (angular point geometry) used in hydrodynamic and geological modeling. The computational core has been tested on a number of examples, including the construction of a model of a real part of the Severo-Komsomolskoye field. The development of new computing core will provide specialists of the PJSC Rosneft Oil Company with an import-independent tool for building 3D geomechanical models.

Materials and methods
When developing the computational core, finite element modeling methods were used to solve the problem of elastic equilibrium of the reservoir, as well as analytical solutions and third-party software products for performing test calculations.

Keywords
geomechanics, geomechanical modeling, formation stress state, geomechanical 3D simulator

Methods of complex reinterpretation of geophysical data in the search for oil deposits in the terrigenous devonian sediments on territory of Tatarstan

Andreeva E.E., Borisov A.S., Baranova A.G., Valeeva A.V., Koluzaeva K.Yu.

DOI: 10.24412/2076-6785-2023-3-32-37

Abstract
The article deals with the techniques of kinematic and dynamic analysis of time sections of the common depth point method (CDPM) in combination with the data of gravity and magnetic exploration. Seismic velocity, as a petrophysical indicator of precipitation characteristics, is closely related to lithology, porosity, density, permeability, oil and water saturation. Magnetic prospecting finds application in the identification and tracing of discontinuous violations of the foundation, in predicting the distribution areas of hydrocarbon traps that are genetically related to zones of tectonic fracturing. The fracture zone is a weakened section of the section characterized by a density deficit, in the local gravity field it is reflected by negative anomalies of ∆g loc. The performed research allows the authors to conclude about the high efficiency of the proposed methods of complex reinterpretation of geophysical data in the search for oil deposits in the terrigenous devonian on the territory of Tatarstan.

Materials and methods
The work uses materials of geological exploration, in particular the results of exploration geophysics for the search for hydrocarbon accumulations. A comprehensive reinterpretation and comparison of data makes it possible to increase the probability of detecting new hydrocarbon deposits.

Keywords
terrigenous devonian sediments, complex interpretation, magnetic exploration, gravity exploration, seismic exploration

Reasons for the formation of an inclined water-oil contact of the Jurassic layer of the Festival deposit

Kuziv K.B.

DOI: 10.24412/2076-6785-2023-3-26-30

Abstract
In the process of creating geological models of oil deposits in order to assess hydrocarbon reserves, problems arise in substantiating the hypsometric position of the OWC surface (oil-water contact). The analysis of geological and geophysical materials shows that in nature there are practically no deposits where the surface of the OWC could be represented as a horizontal surface. The article discusses the regularities of the position of the water-oil contact of the reservoir of the productive formation U1 of the Festivalnoye field, identified in the process of geological modeling based on the analysis of the oil and gas bearing system.

Materials and methods
The results of geophysical studies of wells, as well as data on the reservoir geophysical interpretation of the deposit. Analysis of the relationship between the marks of structural surfaces and the position of the oil water contact. Paleotectonic analysis. Justification of inclined oil-water contact.

Keywords
Western Siberia, Jurassic deposits, inclined oil-water contact, tectonics

Tectonic development of the southern part of the Mansi syneclise in the mesozoic-cenozoic time (Western Siberia)

Kuznetsov R.O.

DOI: 10.24412/2076-6785-2023-3-19-25

Abstract
A technique of paleotectonic analysis was applied to restore the tectonic development of the southern part of the Mansiysk syneclise, taking into account rock compaction effect. It has been quantitatively confirmed that the main increase in the amplitude of structures of the southern part of the Mansiysk syneclise occurred in Cretaceous; during the Cenozoic stage of the development of the territory, there was no a significant increase in the amplitude of the structure. The results of the tectonic development analysis are a basis for reconstructions of naftidogenesis processes and a forecast of oil and gas fields.

Materials and methods
Materials: information from multi-scale geological and geophysical studies, including core studies, well logging interpretations, regional and local seismic data.
Methods: well logging and seismic data interpretation techniques, paleotectonic method, methods of mathematical modeling of the evolution of the sedimentary basin cover were used.

Keywords
sedimentary cover of the West Siberian geosyneclise, tectonic development, paleostructural sections, rock compaction effect, oil and gas fields

Search for new oil and gas accumulation objects in the Lower-Middle Jurassic complex of the Kara-Yamal-Gydan region of Western Siberia

Zinatullina L.I.

DOI: 10.24412/2076-6785-2023-3-14-17

Abstract
The article presents the results of paleotectonic reconstructions of poorly studied deep-lying Lower-Middle Jurassic deposits
of the Kara-Yamal-Gydan region of gas and oil accumulation. Promising, from the point of view of oil and gas accumulation, objects in these complexes are identified. The regime of paleotectonic movements during the Lower-Middle Jurassic time of geological history in the study area has been studied. The results obtained allowed us to draw conclusions about new objects of oil and gas accumulation.

Materials and methods
Using the software package and modeling technologies PetroMod of the company Schlumberger, the reconstruction of the evolution of the sedimentary basin throughout the entire geological history of development was carried out. Methods of basin analysis and analysis of hydrocarbon systems were applied. The objects of study were the Lower-Middle Jurassic deposits of the Kara-Yamal-Gydan region.

Keywords
oil and gas prospects, Western Siberia, pre-Jurassic deposit,
Lower-Middle Jurassic deposit, Yamal Peninsula, Gydan Peninsula, paleotectonic reconstructions

Hydrogeochemical studies as an additional tool for the analysis of oil field development

Lyalin A.A., Vasiliev V.V., Merkulov A.V.

DOI: 10.24412/2076-6785-2023-2-19-22

Abstract
To analyze the development of an oil field, many different tools are used, such as field-geophysical studies, hydrodynamic studies, permanent geological and technological models, etc. At the same time, the information obtained from the results of hydrogeochemical analysis, which carries valuable data on the ongoing processes in the reservoir, including in individual wells, is often not fully used. The authors of the article propose a mathematical tool for analyzing hydrogeochemical data, which allows analyzing the processes of reservoir flooding, including existing problems. The essence of the method is to identify deviations of the component composition when mixing reservoir and injected water. This analysis makes it possible to identify a discrepancy between the percentage of components and the volume percentage of injected and reservoir water, which gives additional information about the flooding process, as well as possible problems in the wells. This method does not require any additional costs for special studies and uses standard hydrogeochemical information obtained in the field. The proposed approach can serve as an additional tool for analyzing the development of oil fields.


Materials and methods
The analysis of hydrogeochemical data is carried out using the mathematical tool proposed by the authors. Possible deviations (behind-the-casing flows, water interactions with the rock and with each other, etc.) occurring in wells during flooding have been identified.

Keywords
hydrogeochemical methods; analysis of reservoir engineering; maintenance of reservoir pressure; injected water; reservoir water; associated water; physical properties; chemical composition; percentage; mathematical tool

On the significance of sedimentation-tectonic processes for the structure of local uplifts in space and time

Andreeva E.E., Baranova A.G., Khaziev R.R., Valeeva A.V., Khairtdinov R.K., Ionov G.M.

DOI: 10.24412/2076-6785-2023-2-13-16

Abstract
In the course of the work, structural maps were constructed and analyzed on the surfaces of the horizons of the lower and middle carboniferous, as well as maps of the isopachite local uplift of one of the deposits of Tatarstan. Three separate domes, northern, central and eastern, have been installed on the studied uplift of the deposit. To determine the sequence of development of a number of surfaces, when constructing paleostructural maps, the authors used the isopachic triangle method, according to the constructed maps, the authors received information about the movements, structural forms and the relationship of these forms at different stages of geological history.

Materials and methods
According to logging diagrams and conclusions of well interpretation, the values of the absolute roof marks of the vereyan, bashkirian, tulian, bobrikovian, tournaian and upino-malevian sediments were removed. Structural maps, as well as isopachite maps between the deposits of the middle and lower carboniferous, were constructed from the removed chops. By using the isopachic triangle method, the sequence of the development of the roof surfaces of horizons on the constructed structural maps and isopachite maps is determined.

Keywords
isopachic triangle, structural maps, isopachite maps, carboniferous deposits, spatial analysis

Fighting the negative impact of mechanical impurities with simultaneous separate operation

Meshcheryakov A.A., Shagitov R.Z., Slivka P.I.

DOI: 10.24412/2076-6785-2023-1-21-26

Abstract
The article discusses the complicating factors that occur during the operation of various types of installations for simultaneous separate operation (SSE), as well as ways to protect equipment for SSE from the negative impact of complicating factors.

Materials and methods
Analytical database of equipment operation at the same time separate operation, design documentation of the mixer filter and brush filter, results of field tests, conditional classifier of systems at the same time separate operation.

Keywords
complicating factors, mechanical impurities, simultaneous separate operation, simultaneous separate production, expert support team, filter liquid mixer, brush filter